What Is Monero?

Monero is an open source cryptocurrency project that provides better security and privacy than most virtual currencies. It is designed to allow anyone to manage their finances without oversight from the government and financial institutions. The cryptographic methods used ensure that the spy knows nothing about your transactions.

Who made Monero?

Monero is pretty much a community project that no one is behind. More than 240 specialists, consisting of developers and marketers, have united and implemented it. However, about thirty developers are known. Anyone can contribute to this network by donating their skills or their capital.

Monero has no base in any country. It may therefore be difficult to stop him or to prevent him from working in a particular country. However, do not be too sure, because China and South Korea have already proved that any cryptocurrency can be violated to work in certain jurisdictions. China officially banned the ICO a few months ago.

Monero security features

Blockchain Monero is without a doubt one of the safest places for transactions. Ethereum and Bitcoin blockchains are transparent, so anyone can verify the authenticity of the transaction. This means that anyone with excellent IT skills and resources can easily identify the user. This is extremely disgusting, because it contradicts the basic idea of decentralized projects and hides the details of the user.

Monero’s cryptographic methods forge user data without allowing data analyzers to get anything. The two main security protocols used are ring signatures and hidden addresses. The first mixes all the addresses on the network, making it difficult for an outside observer to link one address to a specific account.

The latter refers to a state where the address is used for only one transaction. There can be no one address for two or more translations. The addresses used cannot be found and new ones will be created at the next transaction. In short, all data on the sender, recipient and transferable amount are not subject to verification.

The benefits of Monero

Private, secure and untraceable
Scaleless blockchain
A strong and competent team
Has a plan to encourage miners to maintain the blockchain, even when stocks are running out.
Selective transparency – you choose who wants to see your transactions.

Monero flaws

At the minimum level of centralization
It has not yet been widely distributed

The future of Monero

Decentralized technologies are now the subject of a lot of noise, which simply means widespread acceptance. As technology becomes mainstream and governments try to attract users, investors will ask for more private cryptocurrencies, which may well put Monero first. This currency is definitely worth a try.


Forces and Trends in Business

The business environment is characterized by a number of variables: competition, dynamics, turbulence, complexity and change. All organizations must develop the ability to continuously and consciously transform themselves as well as their context. These contexts include restructuring to achieve optimal efficiency, restructuring key processes, and optimizing features that can provide a source of competitive advantage. The goal is to adapt, to be reborn and, above all, to survive. (McLean, 2006).

For business to thrive today, strategists must find ways to improve the organization’s ability to read and respond to industry and market changes. They need to know their goal is to increase strategic business flexibility by faster crash recognition and faster response.
Flexibility or strategic adaptability can be defined as the ability of an organization to detect major changes in the external environment, to quickly allocate resources for new actions in response to such changes, and to recognize and act quickly when necessary. Suspend or restore existing resources. Obligations. Flexibility means that leaders should not look too hard at the world. The organization must see change as an inevitable and essential part of the organization’s growth in order to achieve this capacity for adaptation.

When there is uncertainty or unpredictability in the environment, managers tend to spend almost all of their energy on the successful implementation of the current strategy. What they should also do is prepare for the unknown future. Flexibility stems from the ability to learn; managers usually do not pay attention to the negative and focus on the positive. They need to understand not only what has led to the positive results, but also what has led to the negative. This optimizes their learning experience. According to Ford (2004), the four points for advancing and maintaining adaptability include challenging complacency, giving all employees the right to vote, encouraging collaboration, and eliminating fear in your group.

The companies selected for this task vary by industry: a well-known automaker (Ford), a combined bank (Compass) and a software development startup (DawningStreams). Ford and Compass have been around for a long time; they have probably changed their strategic plan on the basis of changing strengths and trends. DawningStreams is a new company (founded in 2005 and founded in 2007). Although they did not have the first sale and did not have employees, the owners offered several options for their strategy.

There are many participants who are all interested in the activities of professional organizations. Particular attention should be paid to their adaptability in strategic analysis and their adaptability in the strategic management of business organizations. The organization should have a strategic management model.

Each company can scan the same areas, but for different reasons. Given advances in technology, Ford is preparing to dominate the market with a variety of electronic equipment in its cars, as well as robotic equipment to build it and supply chain technology to keep everything under control. Compass Bank merges and expands around the world; so they’ll have to be aware of communication technologies. DawningStreams is a software company; they will have to monitor the companies that will be their competitors, so that their product offers better functionality. All three companies will make sure that potential customers can get useful information from websites and advertisements, which is another area of technology that organizations may need/want to analyze. In this case, it is necessary to attract many members of the organization: senior management and finance, which determine budgetary factors; The IT department that will be responsible for implementing and supporting part of the technology; Staff who will be trained to use the technology sales department that will sell the technology.

It may seem superfluous to an outside observer to analyse the (real) environment when it comes to such things as emissions control, fuel efficiency and hybrid cars. However, this is true; Compass Bank and DawningStreams can plan a more environmentally friendly strategy (and their wallets) by reducing the number of paper documents (using the aforementioned technology).

As for the legal environment, all three should be fully aware of the laws that, in particular, affect their industry. For Ford, the law applies, among other things, to the laws on environmental protection and transportation safety. As for Compass Bank, they will abide by the rules of the Federal Reserve ( and the Federal Insurance and Deposit Corporation ( DawningStreams must comply with laws regarding the transfer of intellectual property files and the export of products with algorithms. All three companies are global and will have to comply with these laws in other countries, which may affect strategic planning.

Business to Business – From Sears and IBM to Hewlett-Packard and Searle, strategy is once again becoming a key focus in the drive to increase revenue and profits. With the help of a new generation of business strategists, companies are looking for new ways to create new products, expand existing businesses and create tomorrow’s markets. Some companies even create full-fledged strategic planning teams. United Parcel Service plans to create a new strategic group in its marketing division, where strategic plans are being developed. President Kent S. Nelson explains, “Because we are more determined to invest in technology, we cannot afford to spend a lot of money in one direction and in five years to discover that this was the wrong direction. ” ‘

In such a world, we need a planning model that allows us to anticipate the future and use that expectation, combined with an analysis of our organization – its culture, mission, strengths and weaknesses – to define strategic issues and the direction of our orientation. Map. develop vision and strategic plans to determine how we implement these plans and how we will assess the extent to which these plans will be implemented. The fact that the world is changing as we move into the future requires that this process be repetitive.


Improving HSM Efficiency, Management and Monitoring

Given the number and variety of security hardware modules (HSM) used by financial services to support cryptographic services, it can be difficult to determine the working conditions, performance, performance, performance, performance, and use of each HSM. This is a central management and monitoring issue. For project architects, it is very expensive and time consuming to design systems using HSM, creating cryptographic infrastructure from scratch in each new project and integrating with the HSM API.

As with many banks, developers don’t have all the experience they need to work with different HSM, even if they’re supported by well-trained security professionals. Preventing design errors, implementation delays, and conflicts with internal auditors reduces project time and saves resources. The main problem facing banks is maintaining proper management of encrypted data – ensuring that sensitive data remains encrypted during storage and transmission, while complying with internal audit standards and schemes such as PCI DSS. Data encryption is the easier part, but allowing data to be transferred from an old key to an old key or upgraded to a more powerful encryption algorithm can be a major problem, especially without significant system downtime when transferring data. Translated. Sometimes it’s hard to easily track which data records are encrypted with which keys.

Banks make extensive use of hardware cryptography – encryption using keys stored in HSM, which are expensive and specialized devices. But because of the higher availability and resilience requirements of banking systems, more and more devices are needed to provide fail-safe systems that can withstand peak loads despite the high performance of modern HSM. Where theoretically one or two HSM is enough, problems with setting up and safely sharing devices mean that a large service application may need three times as much HSM to support it after various development, testing, and disaster recovery instances have been completed.

Even with efficiency and cost-saving use compared to HSM, the large number of applications supported by a large bank means that a wide range of basic HSM will be required: specialized applications, such as authorization payments, require specialized HSM. At the operational level, these banks need a clear understanding of their HSM area, showing performance and performance to ensure that the infrastructure is as efficient as possible. The more detailed data is available, the easier it is to identify and address bottlenecks. This monitoring and management system should allow different types of HSM (with different software APIs) to be combined with different manufacturers. The system should allow “hot” device replacements and support system scaling to maintain even very high performance requirements.

It is not enough to use only a secure system; banks have to prove that they are doing it. Like any bank, they are regularly audited by various agencies, including national and international card systems. Demonstrating compliance can be time-consuming and time-consuming even in simple projects and business. The specific security parameters used can be hidden deep in design documents and specifications, which takes time and effort to demonstrate to the auditor that the system actually works as stated in the project. Therefore, banks are obliged at the cryptographic level to demonstrate both the agreed security policy and its application.

However, as cryptography is increasingly used to protect data in most applications, non-security developers should be involved in protecting the data processed by their application. Instead of hiring additional specialists or risking project delay, most banks prefer to make security and encryption available to non-specialists. You need a solution that makes it easier and faster to buy software.


The Birth of Cryptocurrency and the Future of Financial Transactions

When asked what the birth of cryptocurrency will bring to the financial world, the first thing that probably comes to mind is what is cryptocurrency? However, this idea applies only to people who are not familiar with the existing online currency. But if you are one of the few dominant figures who know cryptocurrencies even with your eyes closed, you can answer the question in more detail.

So to speak, the real beginning of the unrest was when bitcoin was presented to the world and eventually became the most famous and sought-after cryptocurrency. This project was launched mainly in response to constant complaints from people whose money and assets are owned by a centralized unit (and often intervened by the government itself) and whose transfers are limited and frozen over time. With the creation of bitcoins, many have the opportunity to buy a coin or currency on the Internet, which they can use in the same way as a fiat currency. Although its acquisition is tedious and requires resources, many were attracted to it from the beginning because many wanted to break free from the constraints of a single organization that controls everything else in terms of finance.

Gradually, Bitcoin began to acquire real monetary value, and new types of cryptocurrencies appeared as a possible response to the problems that Bitcoin creates, as well as to create its own currency, which people can choose to use as their generated currency. From the old limited and hard-to-reach .

Although cryptocurrency is not widely distributed, it is gradually gaining popularity, and now many other companies even accept it as a form of payment or exchange. The same thing is slowly happening with new cryptocurrencies. Although profits are not guaranteed, and the software on which they operate is open, many still try to compete to get this currency as another way to invest.

If this merger of technology and finance improves over time, it is not surprising that more and more people are turning to buying these coins and that more and more companies are willing to trade them and accept them as real rewards or exchanges for goods and services. Like everything else, a slow but sustainable approach to cryptocurrency can lead to major changes in the way finances have been handled and processed in the past.

More and more people are opening up to the existence and stability of such platforms, and many are seeking to break the sneering views of the governing bodies involved in the storage and exchange of their assets. Today’s future may seem bleak, but as more creative minds work together to provide greater convenience in ways to manage finances and all the money. Who knows, one day even paper money can disappear forever.


Cryptocurrency: The Fintech Disruptor

Blockchains, sidechains, mining – the terminology of the cryptocurrency underground accumulates in a matter of minutes. While it may seem unreasonable to impose new financial conditions into an already complex financial world, cryptocurrencies provide a much-needed solution to one of today’s biggest challenges: the security of transactions in the digital world. Cryptocurrency is a defining and revolutionary innovation in the fast-paced world of financial technology, an appropriate response to the need for a secure exchange in the era of virtual transactions. In an era when all transactions are reduced to numbers and figures, cryptocurrency offers just that!

In its most primitive form, cryptocurrency is proof of the concept of alternative virtual currencies, which promises safe and anonymous transactions through peer-to-peer networks. The erroneous term is property rather than real money. Unlike conventional money, cryptocurrency models work as a decentralized digital mechanism without central authority. In the distributed cryptocurrency mechanism, money is produced, managed and trusted by a collective network of partners in the community, whose current activity is known as mining on a partner machine. Successful miners also receive coins in recognition of their time and the resources they use. Once used, open-key transaction information is sent to the online blockchain, preventing each coin from being spent by the same user. Blockchain can be considered as a cash register. The coins are protected by a digital wallet protected by the password that represents the user.

The delivery of coins in the world of digital currency is decided in advance, without any manipulation, by individuals, organizations, government agencies and financial institutions. The cryptocurrency system is known for its speed, as transactions with digital wallets allow you to make money in minutes compared to the traditional banking system. It is also largely irreversible in its design, which further reinforces the idea of anonymity and excludes any other possibility to trace the return of money to the original owner.

As in the real money market, exchange rates in the digital coin ecosystem fluctuate. Due to the finic number of coins, as the demand for money increases, the value of the coins increases. Bitcoin is the largest and most successful cryptocurrency to date with a market capitalization of 15.3 billion dollars, which is 37.6% of the market, and is currently estimated at 8,997.31 dollars. Bitcoin entered the foreign exchange market in December 2017, trading at $19,783.21 per coin, before suddenly falling in 2018. The decline is partly due to the emergence of alternative digital currencies such as Ethereum, NPCcoin, Ripple, EOS, Litecoin and MintChip. .

Due to rigidly programmed restrictions on their supply, cryptocurrencies must follow the same economy as gold – the price is determined by limited supply and fluctuations in demand. With constant fluctuations in exchange rates, their sustainability remains to be seen. As a result, investing in virtual currencies is now more of a speculation than a down-to-earth money market.

After the Industrial Revolution, this digital currency became an important element of technological breakthrough. From the point of view of a casual observer, this ascent may seem exciting, threatening and mysterious at the same time. While some economists remain skeptical, others see it as a super-fast revolution in the money industry. Beware, digital currencies will replace about a quarter of the national currencies of developed countries by 2030. This has already created a new asset class along with the traditional global economy, and a new set of investment instruments will emerge in the coming years. Come. Recently, bitcoin may have fallen to shed light on other cryptocurrencies. But this does not mean the collapse of the cryptocurrency itself. While some financial advisers emphasize the government’s role in combating the underground world in order to regulate the central governance mechanism, others insist on maintaining the current free movement. The more popular cryptocurrencies, the more attention and regulation they attract – a common paradox that confuses the digital banknote and undermines the main purpose of its existence. In any case, the lack of intermediaries and supervision makes it extremely attractive to investors and fundamentally changes the daily trade.

If cryptocurrency is to become an integral part of the existing financial system, it will have to meet a wide range of financial, regulatory and social criteria. It must be resistant to hackers, user-friendly and highly secure to bring major benefits to the traditional monetary system. It must maintain the anonymity of users, not being a conduit for money laundering, tax evasion and internet fraud. As these are the main products of the digital system, it will take several more years to understand whether cryptocurrency can compete with the fast-paced currency of the real world. While this is likely to happen, the success (or lack thereof) of the cryptocurrency in solving problems will determine the fate of the monetary system in the coming days.

Immerse yourself in the discussed and rigidly coded underground world of the next monetary system – cryptocurrencies. Because the digital currency offers exciting prospects and benefits for potential investors and traders; it still faced many challenges and a response mechanism for the future of the world.


The Govporation Complex

“Innocent data does not exist, it is only a matter of time, and to turn it into a weapon in the wrong hands”

Throughout history, the governance of the country has always depended on the subsequent actions and monitoring of its citizens. Ordinary people, trying to protect their privacy, tried to limit what can be tracked and detectable. This boundary has always changed; In particular, technological advances have always improved the lives of ordinary people and their personal qualities. Add to that another influential person – companies that, in pursuit of sacred profits, sought to read the behavior of customers to ensure that their profit goals were met. History shows that companies and administrations have often worked on a common agenda. Laws designed to protect people from unwarranted interference in their lives are increasingly being ignored.

The border between government and business is blurring. This is not a prognosis, but a fact happening all over the world. The Government will use and deploy everything to maintain the status quo, despite the growing gap between ordinary people and those few who own almost everything. Despite all the negativity that we all see, hear and read, there are still people in government and business who do not agree with certain actions or policies. We hope that they will be able to make changes from the inside by doing their best to send the ship to the best destination. You can’t point to government or business in general and say that everyone wants to dictate the rest of their life to serving holy profits.

Today, the world has become a global digital community in which a large percentage of people and devices are connected to this object called the Internet. One way the Internet enriches our lives is that we can connect with everyone online, no matter where they are. But remember that while you can easily connect with someone, others can just as easily contact you and jump into your life. At first, it was a collaboration tool between researchers, and the security issues did not concern the developers. All the security mechanisms we are building today are repairs that try to fill in the gaps. The Internet, or the network for brevity, has somehow reached most modern devices.

Various socio-political trends indicate why leaders and representatives of the monitoring/monitoring industry will try to seize additional powers and access. Look around and see what happens when you read this to realize that we are not seeing a decrease in threats to people around the world, but their growth. The additional power of deep tracking of one’s life will be justified by certain artificial events and technical advances. The threat is no longer only for privacy, but also for life and physical integrity. We will look at a number of current and future events that affect the personal world of the “ordinary person.” The pressure to give up personal data will be huge and relentless. An important protection for people is public education and an attempt to establish boundaries that governments, businesses or anyone else must abide by through these laws. It is necessary to pass appropriate laws, you should be aware of new events and their consequences. As someone once said; eternal vigil is a payment for the preservation of freedom. You don’t want to live in an Orwellian world where the “big brother” tracks your every move! Your privacy limits should be carefully protected.

By default, to assume that everyone is a threat, and therefore justify full surveillance and control over people is the wrong choice. This opens up a giant box of worms, which is a guaranteed ticket to society that we don’t need. One of the reasons is human nature, as history has shown countless times, not to mention the correct form. Another reason is that governments come and go, and the world is constantly changing. When we enter, rather than a new dark period in human history, it will be a digital disaster, since all the data collected is now available through the Evil Agency. There is no innocent data, it is only a matter of time and not in the wrong hands to turn it into a weapon.

Automatic profiling from multiple sources

Automatic profiling from multiple sources has now become a part of everyday life, whether you like it or not. This profiling is used to limit the targets you see for a reason. The reason may be good or bad, the method itself is wrong and will result in many people getting into databases to which they do not belong.

Sharing biometric data

The use of biometrics is designed to help accurately identify people, especially when multiple data sets are used. For example, passport documents in many countries now usually include fingerprint information, but iris scanning data and facial recognition data also contribute. Today, the Canadian government uses a U.S. biometric database in addition to what is needed to determine a person’s desire to enter the country. Unfortunately, biometric data is now also used on the streets and by third parties for a variety of purposes. Be sure to point someone out in certain locations across the country and keep that information for future use. It is no longer aimed at international travelers, but anyone inside the border can be remotely identified by facial recognition cameras for no reason. You may be automatically identified as an undesirable person who is ruining your travel plans or worse. Remember that more and more countries, businesses and others are coming together to create a huge global database that many people can access. Some with less kind intentions.

To anyone, anywhere, anytime

Consider the recent wave of news about the NSA excavation. While this did not come as a surprise to some, for others, who have always called concerned citizens fake maniacs, all revelations about large-scale mass surveillance are embarrassing. Not only do they monitor their citizens, but they are also accused of spying on people and political parties in other countries. There is no doubt that the wide availability of Internet technologies and the availability of the Internet have made this activity possible. The fact that some well-known informants were able to access the data obtained by the NSA is proof that even intelligence agencies are struggling to protect their operations and data from the human factor. Of course, it’s not just the NSA, actually all similar agencies in other countries are doing the same. If possible, they cooperate with others or do it alone.


Is Bitcoin Gathering Over? Active Trading for Those Who Wager On Tether

The inflow of institutional money is delayed by all accounts, and the purchase of bitcoins is now simply an influx of USDT tokens.

The days of energetic buyers who make the most of their payment cards to buy bitcoins may end. Indeed, even Korean markets have cooled. Be that as it may, the exchange of products – this time saved resource Tether (USDT). At first glance, the value of Bitcoin is high at $6,743.53. As the altcoins develop, Bitcoin retains its position and again increases its value to 43.2% of the total market capitalization of all coins and tokens.

The purpose of this in any case may be symbolic liquidity. The USDT print coincided with the rapid movement of bitcoins that began in mid-2017. Currently, beginners are looking at the touch, or most of them have given up hope that any faster additions can be made in cryptography. In any case, for dedicated brokers, using USDT is another source of income.

Although they earn more than $2.7 billion, not all of them have opened up a way to trade BTC. Recently, USDT offers on BTC exchanges have been close to 20% and below, with strong levels in Japanese yen, US dollars, Korean won and some other currency standards. Anyway, the situation quickly changed and ended in a matter of days.

According to CryptoCompare, more than 54% of all BTC exchanges are Tether transactions due to the huge range of Bitfinex exchanges. It seems that cryptocurrency markets are now moving to a stage where all transactions are made at the national level, and in the coming years costs can grow only in light of the activities of cryptocurrency insiders, not institutional brokers.

A half-month ago Tether entered the secondary market group – and now it looks like the pickup truck is being redirected to bitcoin. While this can certainly be expensive, regardless of your point of view, it also means that for new bitcoin buyers the welfare of fiat money is actually tricky, and they may end up getting USDT tokens, which, by and large, can be reimbursed for cash, but the procedure is moderate, and there is a fine.

Meanwhile, the contract for the supply of cryptocurrency resource TrueUSD (TUSD) has grown from 88 million to 81 million tokens, as if the tokens were burned and turned into cash. For TUSD, reverse trading should be easier, but it also involves the influx of digital market assets.


A New Kind of Ransomware Is Hurting Small Business

Criminals have stolen valuables and kidnapped people for ransom for millennia. As society becomes more sophisticated and technology is more sophisticated, so are criminals. No wonder the Internet has opened up huge new opportunities for the bad guys. One of the new options is the ransomware.

In 2014, ransomware encryption was much more common, but these aren’t the ransomware programs you could hear. Just a few years ago, the ransomware was based on deceiving computer users with false warnings, as if the computer had been infected, with the payment of this fee for removing “viruses” that are not on your computer. fines for a crime they did not commit.

A new form of cybercrime can immediately shut down a business using malware to freeze all files and documents before paying a ransom. According to Symantec’s latest report, this is one of the fastest growing threats to small and medium-sized businesses on the Internet.

Criminals use malware to encrypt information on the hard drive and then take files, photos and other information of the victim hostage on the computer. They require payment to get the key to unlock the files. Costs can be high. Usually it is 300 to 500 dollars in bitcoins – enough U.S. currency to cause serious harm to small or medium-sized businesses. Even after paying the ransom, there is no guarantee that the files will be decrypted.

Symantec reported in its 2015 Internet Security Threat Report that the number of ransomware attacks increased by 113% in 2014 due to an increase in the number of attacks using cryptographic ransomware by more than 4000%. Ransomware attacks have more than doubled, from 4.1 million in 2013 to 8.8 million in 2014. The number of ransomware increased from 8,274 in 2013 to 373,342 in 2014. That’s 45 times the number of ransomware in the world of threats in one year.

Small and medium-sized businesses should be concerned

The Symantec report says 2014 was a year of serious vulnerabilities, faster attacks, ransom files, and significantly more malicious code than in previous years. Almost a million new viruses are detected every day. According to their data, 60% of all targeted attacks affect small and medium-sized businesses. Equally alarming is that a recent study by Palo Alto Network found that 52% of malware in 2013 was aimed at bypassing security, making it difficult to defend against attacks.

Unsurprisingly, small and medium-sized businesses are being targeted. They often have fewer resources to invest in security, and many still do not use best practices to protect their valuable information. This endangers not only the company, but also its business partners and customers. Every organization, large or small, is vulnerable.

Steps to prevent ransomware attack

The perpetrator must find a way to gain access to the computer network to trigger the attack. It sounds simple enough to keep the bad guys away, and usually you don’t need to deal with these types of malicious attacks. All your protection efforts should be aimed at deterring thieves. Here are the steps you can take to prevent these types of attacks, in addition to standard virus and firewall protection:

Employee Training – Every business must create a culture of excellence in information security. Unfortunately, employees can be the weakest link in the security chain. Every employee should be trained in the basics of protecting the business from cyberattacks.

Password protection – introduce a password protection policy that includes a password change every 30-90 days and requires employees not to use them outside of work. Employees can use their login and password outside of work. Once this information is received, the perpetrator can use it to access the business.

Check the Dark Web for stolen credentials – a step that most companies miss. Stolen credentials, such as email address and password, often appear in places where thieves exchange stolen information for weeks, months, and even years before an attack occurs. Finding this information on the Dark Web and fixing the problem when it appears can prevent an attack.

Intrusion and security detection software. Many of them are heuristic in nature, waiting for and detecting suspicious viruses and malware that may lack traditional virus protection.

Back up your files every day, allowing your business to quickly deal with a cryptographic ransomware attack. A professional can clean up the network by removing malware and then installing backup files. The criminal hopes that you will not regularly back up your files and you have no choice but to pay the ransom.
We live in a rapidly changing world. It is also important for business to keep up with the times.

Preventive measures are much cheaper than combating cryptographic ransomware, data leaks or other forms of cybercrime. Criminals are constantly finding new and inventive ways to steal your money, employee and client information, trade secrets and/or simply undermine your business. Don’t be a victim. Take the recommended steps today.


A Proposal to Implement Bitcoin Protocol in the Linux Kernel

This article presents the implementation of a reliable decentralized network protocol through the Linux kernel.

The proposed protocol provides a safe peer-to-peer link between decentralized network nodes. At the same time, establish and maintain a consensus among all nodes on the network about its status. A scheme called proof of work is used to determine the true state of a decentralized network. Data that determines the health of the network is stored in a distributed registry called blockchain. Blockchain is a chain of transaction blocks (a data structure containing data from multiple transactions). These blocks are connected, allowing the action of a single block to depend on its hash function and on the previously created block. As blockchain grows, security becomes stronger. At the time of writing, there was no known way to compromise the blockchain.


1.1 Linux Networks

Linux networks on the Internet are very similar to other operating systems. Linux users rely on the same protocols as Internet users around the world. These protocols are used for what has become a common means of communication, such as SMTP for email, HTTP, used for websites, and SIP used by Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) services. These protocols are used every day and are important tools for doing business in the ordinary world. Because of the basic complexity, these services require that the people and businesses that use them depend on a third party to provide the necessary tools for their use on the Internet. Sometimes they rely on their ISP to provide access to various other internet protocols.

1.2 Identifying problems

This dependence on third parties for Internet services has given the Internet a seemingly centralized architecture. When people depend on the provider rather than getting access to the resource directly from the environment. In this case, the environment is the Internet. Centralized systems are efficient, scalable and workable, but they depend on people’s fairness when they are seduced by the possibility of profiting from dishonesty. They also provide a central access point to sensitive data stored on the network, making one successful attack powerful enough to disable the entire network. Because of these constraints, centralized systems pose extraordinary risks and have proved to be the point of rejection in our society for the reasons outlined here.


2.1 Bitcoin Protocol

In October 2008, Satoshi Nakamoto published an article explaining a digital currency called bitcoin. In addition to describing the digital currency, he also explained a protocol of a stable and secure decentralized network in which consensus can be successfully reached between nodes. The Bitcoin currency is an experiment in which a decentralized implementation of the network protocol was attempted. To date, Bitcoin has excelled in many areas where existing centralized financial systems have failed. Any flaws found in the Bitcoin protocol will be the result of new application problems. In the complex and demanding financial industry, Bitcoin has proven to be able to solve many other real problems that we face on the Internet today. Using Bitcoin as a decentralized development platform in the Linux kernel will simplify, improve the security, reliability, and decentralization of the most popular Internet protocols used today. Protocols can be integrated into operating systems using decentralized technology. This approach will free Internet users from third-party dependence to access services such as SMTP, VOIP, DNS and other Internet services. As a result, Internet services will be decentralized, less expensive to operate, and their service policies more accessible to the user’s influence.


Cryptocurrency: The New Sensation

The concept of cryptocurrency was conceived in 1991. However, the first real implementation was made in 2008 Nakamoto. The first question arises, what is cryptocurrency. This is a financial setup in which the currency is transferred between the two parties. At first there were problems similar to the double error method, but later the problem was solved with the help of concepts such as blockchain technology. The whole process is controlled by cryptographic algorithms. A set of open and closed keys is transferred between the two sides. Details of each transaction are stored in each block and for each customer; a series of blocks compiles the entire list of transactions. All blocks together form a chain of blocks. These blockchains are nothing but a financial book. The strength of this new cash transaction system depends on the reliability of the cryptographic algorithm. With the introduction of algorithms such as DES, the secrecy of each financial transaction (blockchain) has been strengthened. However, this concept has not yet been adopted in many countries. The data in each block cannot be altered retroactively or without the network’s consent. The share of cryptocurrency at the moment is not so large, but it is expected that over time it will increase.

Some of the characteristics of cryptocurrency:



Public book

The most important aspect of cryptocurrency is outlined above, but the technology requires security for effective use. Problems such as recurring errors have arisen in the past, but this problem has now been resolved. The biggest advantage of cryptocurrency is the update function without touching the central server. So we don’t need to make any changes to the server. The transaction can also be carried out between any two members of the network or three or more.

So, a few of the benefits you get with cryptocurrency are:





However, technology has evolved, although not all countries have adopted them. The biggest sensation in cryptocurrency is bitcoin. This is customary in many countries. Similarly, you can find many other types of cryptocurrency.

Each of them uses a unique type of algorithm. You can study them all using cryptography. This is a big topic, and the introduction of cryptocurrency is one of the most significant achievements of the last decade. In the coming years, their use may certainly quadruple.

In addition, digital currency is used in dubious institutions such as illegal online businesses such as Silk Street. The first Silk Street was closed in October 2013 and two more forms are currently in use. In the year since Silk Street closed, the number of distinctly weak markets has fallen from four to 12, and the number of drug-selling items has fallen from 18,000 to 32,000.

The markets of the Darknet create problems with the law. Bitcoin and the various types of digital currency used in dark markets are not in all parts of the world clearly or legally ordered. In the U.S., bitcoins are called “virtual resources.” This type of questionable system forces law firms around the world to adapt to the moving drug trade in dark markets.